Turabian Example Paper with Footnotes Sample Paper

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Turabian Example Paper with Footnotes Sample Paper – Austin Peay State University Academic Support Center Writing Lab

Turbian 1
The following sample essay has been prepared to help answer some of the questions and
problems that you may have...

Turbian 2
paper are typed in capital letters. The contents on the title page are dictated by the professor;
thus, follow h...

Turbian 3
addition, Turabian Style uses superscripted numbers; that is, they are placed slightly above and
after the quote...

Turbian 4
from a different page, so Ibid. (followed by a period and the page number) is used. If the
footnote is from the ...

Turbian 5
while the next and subsequent lines are indented. The lines of information of a source is single-
spaced, but a ...

Turbian 6
Bibliography
Chicago, Thomas R. 2007. "Turabian Style," The Chicago Encyclopedia,
http://www.thechicagoencyclope...
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Turabian Example Paper with Footnotes Sample Paper – Austin Peay State University Academic Support Center Writing Lab


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    Turabian Example Paper with Footnotes Sample Paper – Austin Peay State University Academic Support Center Writing Lab

    1. 1.
      Turbian 1
      The following sample essay has been prepared to help answer some of the questions and
      problems that you may have when writing your first term paper. It includes explanations and
      illustrations of format, quotations, footnotes and bibliography, using the style set out in the 7th
      edition of A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate Turabian, a
      dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago for 30 years.1
      (For purposes of teaching
      Turabian Style in this essay, most of the footnoted examples are fabricated.)
      For basic information about Turabian Style, it is almost identical to Chicago Style, which
      is why the both styles are often referred to in combination. An important feature of Turabian
      style is that references can be placed either in the text of your research paper (parenthetical
      citing, as in MLA) or as footnotes/endnotes. Whatever style students choose, that style must be
      used consistently and a bibliography is always included. This use of footnotes and/or endnotes
      in combination with parenthetical referencing separates Turabian Style from many styles of
      writing formal papers. (Papers that use Chicago Style typically are more formal papers designed
      for publication. However, Turabian Style is flexible enough to work with almost any type of
      paper, including a thesis or dissertation.)
      The title (or cover) page is an important page of the essay because it is the first
      impression that an instructor has of a student’s work. Although Turabian Style requires a basic
      format for the title page, follow the professor’s guidelines. However, all information on the title
      page needs to be accurate. Check for correct spelling and placement of the information that
      should be included on the title page. The font size and type is 14-pt Times New Roman, as or
      designated by the professor. Single space the lines on the title page. All words of the title of the
      1
      Thomas R. Chicago. "Turabian Style," The Chicago Encyclopedia,
      http://www.thechicagoencyclopedia.com (accessed July 5, 2011).

    2. 2.

      Turbian 2
      paper are typed in capital letters. The contents on the title page are dictated by the professor;
      thus, follow his or her guidelines. However, basic guidelines for a Turabian Style title page are
      the following: place the title of the essay one-quarter (1/4) of the way down (or about 2 inches
      from the top) of the page, around line 9. Three-quarters (3/4) of the way down from the top of
      the page, around line 28, the student types his or her name. On the next line (line 29), the course
      name and number is typed as well as the class days and time. On line 30, type the date in month,
      date, and complete year format. The title page is not numbered as page 1; page 1 begins on the
      first page of the body of the paper,
      For the body of the paper, as is shown in this sample essay, follow the guidelines for
      spacing, margins, indentation, and pagination. The horizontal spacing is double-spaced on one
      side of each sheet. Allow 1” margins on all four sides. However, the contents of the right margin
      are not aligned. Thus, the marginal setting needs to be set on “left aligned” instead of “justified.”
      Use the tab key (set at 0.5”) to indent new paragraphs. Teachers sometimes prefer to have their
      students paginate using their last names, a space, and then the page number at the top right hand
      corner of each page just in case any pages of the essay are separated from each other. Therefore,
      number these pages in this fashion if the professor wishes. Otherwise, Turabian Style offers
      choices among numbering at the top right, bottom center, or bottom right.
      The next section of this sample essay is devoted to quotations and footnotes. Footnotes
      are generally used to indicate the origin of quotations or ideas. A direct quotation in an essay is
      placed in quotation marks and followed by a footnote number. Turabian Style dictates, “Note,
      numbers must follow one another in numerical order beginning with the number one.”2
      Thus,
      Turabian Style requires the use of Arabic numbers for footnoting rather than Roman numerals. In
      2
      Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, (Chicago: University
      of Chicago Press, 2007), 127.

    3. 3.

      Turbian 3
      addition, Turabian Style uses superscripted numbers; that is, they are placed slightly above and
      after the quoted sentence.
      Since the exact words of another author have been used in the quote in the previous
      paragraph, this must be acknowledged by using quotation marks and a footnote. Note at the foot
      of this page, the footnote that reflects this quotation. The font size for footnotes can be 12 or 10-
      pt (10-pt is preferred) and the type is Times New Roman, the same as the body of the paper.
      Quotes that are less than five lines remain as prose within the paragraph. However, if a
      quote is five lines or longer, include it as an indented block quotation:
      Introduce the quotation in your own words in the text. . . . If you introduce the quotation
      with a complete sentence, end the sentence with a colon. If you use only an attribution
      phrase such as notes, claims, argues, or according to along with the author’s name, end
      the phrase with a comma. If you weave the quotation into the syntax of your sentence, do
      not use any punctuation before the quotation if no punctuation would ordinarily appear
      there. Single-space a block quotation, and leave a blank line before and after it. Do not
      add quotation marks at the beginning or end, but preserve any quotation marks in the
      original. Indent the entire quotation as far as you indent the first line of a paragraph.3
      The “. . .” in the quotation used are called ellipses and are used to indicate deliberate omissions
      of words from a direct quote. Quotation marks are not used in block quotes.
      The first time a source is cited, give the full citation in the footnote. Each entry begins
      with the author’s first name first, followed by last name. For subsequent citations of the same
      source, the abbreviated version can be used, which simply consists of the author’s last name, an
      abbreviated title of the work (unless the title is already short), and the page number for the
      reference. The Turabian Style Guide explains, “When references to the same work follow each
      other without any intervening reference . . . the abbreviation “Ibid.” is used.”4
      Look at footnote 3
      and compare with footnote 2 at the bottom of this page. Number 3 is from the same book, but
      3
      Turabian, A Manual for Writers, 350.
      4
      Ibid., 159.

    4. 4.

      Turbian 4
      from a different page, so Ibid. (followed by a period and the page number) is used. If the
      footnote is from the same book and the same page, use Ibid. and follow with a period. However,
      when starting citations on a new page, use the abbreviated version and then Ibid. can be used
      thereafter on that page. (Refer to footnote 3). This allows the reader to easily find the citation’s
      information.
      Be sure that the first line of the footnote is indented using the tab key, the footnote
      begins with the superscripted number, and the punctuation within the entire footnote is correct.
      Moreover, each footnote ends with a period. Always italicize the titles of books, journals, and
      encyclopedias. Titles of chapters of books, articles for electronic sources, and other shorter
      works are annotated within quotation marks.5
      In addition, each footnote should be single spaced
      and there should be double-spacing between individual footnotes.
      Typically, a Bibliography page follows the paper, which includes all the sources that the
      student used for writing the essay. Even if there is available space on the last page of the body of
      the paper, the Bibliography page begins on a separate page of its own and is numbered along
      with the essay. All sources that were directly referred to in the body of the paper must be listed
      as sources on the Bibliography and visa versa. Unlike footnotes that list authors’ names in first
      name, last name format, the names on the Bibliography page are noted in last name, first name
      format. Thus, all of the sources that were used in the body of the essay are listed in alphabetical
      order by the author’s surnames. However, for sources that do not include the names of authors,
      begin the Bibliographic citation by listing the title. Each entry is single-spaced and separated
      from the next citation by a double space.
      The word “Bibliography” is typed and centered to begin the Bibliography page. Avoid
      underlining, italicizing, or boldfacing. The first line of the source rests against the left margin
      5
      John P. Rowe, Turabian Made Easy, 12.

    5. 5.

      Turbian 5
      while the next and subsequent lines are indented. The lines of information of a source is single-
      spaced, but a double space is used between the listing of subsequent sources.
      This sample essay outlines the Turabian Style of formatting in writing assignments.
      Because teachers make varying requirements for citing sources and formatting papers that may
      deviate from Turabian Style’s guidelines, students should find out they want for formatting and
      writing assignments. In all cases, the teacher’s preferences and requirements take precedence.

    6. 6.

      Turbian 6
      Bibliography
      Chicago, Thomas R. 2007. "Turabian Style," The Chicago Encyclopedia,
      http://www.thechicagoencyclopedia.com (accessed July 5, 2011).
      Rowe, John P. Turabian Made Easy (Boston: Lawton Press, 2009).
      Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Chicago:
      University of Chicago Press, 2007).
      Created by Austin Peay State University, 1 July 2013

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    1. Home
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    3. Tutorial: Chicago/Turabian Style (Humanities)

    Tutorial: Chicago/Turabian Style (Humanities)

    Style manual of the  University of Chicago Press . This manual is used by many publishers, editors, and professors throughout the English-speaking world as a guide to manuscript preparation. Chicago style is used for academic writing in history, political science, business, and the humanities.

    UNT Library Book & Electronic Database Versions:

    • Book: The Chicago Manual of Style
       
    • Electronic Database: Chicago Manual of Style Online .
      *Click connect to electronic resource. If accessing off campus, you will be asked for an EUID and EUID password.

    Additional Online Resources:

    • Chicago Manual of Style Formatting and Style Guide , available online from the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue, provides guidelines and examples for formatting a paper and for citing sources in Chicago style.
       

      • CMS Crib Sheet , prepared by Russ Dewey and Dr. Abel Scribe Ph.D., provides a brief summary of rules for formatting papers and citing sources in Chicago style.
      • Son of Citation Machine: Chicago Format , created by David Warlick of The Landmark Project, automatically generates citations in Chicago style based on information you enter into a template.
      • The  Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date System Citation Guide  from the Ohio State University Libraries Web site provides sample bibliography and in-text citations for the Author-Date style of citation (recommended for natural sciences and social sciences).
      • The  Chicago Manual of Style Notes-Bibliography System Citation Guide   from the Ohio State University Libraries Web site provides sample bibliography and in-text citations for the Notes-Bibliography style (used for fine arts, history, literature, etc.).
      • The University of Chicago Press Web site provides  Examples of Chicago-Style Documentation , as well as a  Q&A  that discusses particular situations and examples that were not covered in detail in the book.
      • The American Anthropological Association (AAA) has created an  AAA Style Guide , based on The Chicago Manual of Style and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, for authors and editors of their in-house publications.
         
    • A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers
    • Based on The Chicago Manual of Style, this is essentially the same format as those presented in  The Chicago Manual of Style , with slight modifications for the needs of student writers.
    • Turabian Citation Guide , from the University of Chicago Press Web site, provides samples of citations in notes-bibliography style (also known simply as bibliography style) and parenthetical citations–reference list style (also called reference list style).
    • Turabian Instructor Guide , from the University of Chicago Press Web site, provides advice on how to teach the Turabian style in the classroom.
    • Who Was Kate Turabian? , from the University of Chicago Press Web site, provides a brief biography of the originator of the Turabian style.

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